7080棋牌

同天能源 >> 7080棋牌 >> 煤气发生炉工作原理

煤气发生炉工作原理

ZAIYIBANDEMEIQIFASHENGLUZHONG,MEISHIYOUSHANGERXIA、QIHUAJIZESHIYOUXIAERSHANGDIJINXINGNILIUYUNDONG,TAMENZHIJIANFASHENGHUAXUEFANYINGHERELIANGJIAOHUAN。ZHEIYANGZAIMEIQIFASHENGLUZHONGXINGCHENGLEJIGEQUYU,YIBANWOMENCHENGWEI“CENG”。  ANZHAOMEIQIFASHENGLUNEIQIHUAGUOCHENGJINXINGDECHENGXU,KEYIJIANGFASHENGLUNEIBUFENWEILIUCENG(JIANHUNHEMEIQIFASHENGLUJIEGOUSHIYITU):  1)HUIZHACENG;2)YANGHUACENG(YOUCHENGHUOCENG);3)HAIYUANCENG;4)GANLIUCENG;5)GANZAOCENG;6)KONGCENG;QIZHONGYANGHUACENGHEHAIYUANCENGYOUTONGCHENGWEIFANYINGCENG,GANLIUCENGHEGANZAOCENGYOUTONGCHENGWEIMEILIAOZHUNBEICENG。  (1)HUIZHACENG:  MEIRANSHAOHOUCHANSHENGHUIZHA,XINGCHENGHUIZHACENG,TAZAIFASHENGLUDEZUIXIABU,FUGAIZAILUBIZIZHISHANG。QIZHUYAOZUOYONGWEI:  aBAOHULUBIHEFENGMAO,SHITAMENBUBEIYANGHUACENGDEGAOWENSHAOHUAI;  bYUREQIHUAJI,QIHUAJICONGLUDIJINRUHOU,SHOUXIANJINGGUOHUIZHACENGJINXINGREJIAOHUAN,SHIHUIZHACENGWENDUJIANGDI,QIHUAJIWENDUSHENGGAO。YIBANQIHUAJINENGYUREDA300-450℃ZUOYOU。  cHUIZHACENGHAIQILEBUFENGZUOYONG,SHIJINRUDEQIHUAJIZAILUTANGNEIJINLIANGJUNYUNFENBU。  (2)YANGHUACENG:  YECHENGWEIRANSHAOCENG(HUOCENG)。CONGHUIZHAZHONGSHENGSHANGLAIDEQIHUAJIZHONGDEYANGYUTANFASHENGJULIEDERANSHAOERSHENGCHENGERYANGHUATAN,BINGFANGCHUDALIANGDERELIANG。TASHIQIHUAGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHUYAOQUYUZHIYI,QIZHUYAOFANYINGSHI:  C+O2→CO2+97650DAKA  YANGHUACENGDEGAODUYIBANWEISUOYOURANLIAOKUAIDUDE3-4BEI,YIBANWEI100-200HAOMI。QIHUACENGDEWENDUYIBANYAOXIAOYUMEIDEHUIRONGDIAN,KONGZHIZAI1200℃ZUOYOU。  (3)HAIYUANCENG:  ZAIYANGHUACENGDESHANGMIANSHIHAIYUANCENG。CHIREDETANJUYOUHENQIANGDEDUOQUYANGHUAWUZHONGDEYANGERYUZHIHUAHEDEBENLING,SUOYIZAIHAIYUANCENGZHONG,ERYANGHUATANHESHUIZHENGQIBEITANHAIYUANCHENGYIYANGHUATANHEQINGQI。ZHEIYICENGYEYINCIERDEMING,CHENGWEIHAIYUANCENG,QIZHUYAOFANYINGWEI:  CO+C→2CO+38790DAKA  H2O+C→H2+CO+28380DAKA  2H2O+C→CO2+2H2+17970DAKA  YOUYUHAIYUANCENGWEIYUYANGHUACENGZHISHANG,CONGSHANGSHENGDEQITIZHONGDEDAODALIANGRELIANG,YINCIHAIYUANCENGYOUJIAOGAODEWENDUYUE800-1100℃,ZHEIJIUWEIXUYAOXISHOURELIANGDEHAIYUANFANYINGTIGONGLETIAOJIAN。ERYANGEDIJIANG,HAIYUANCENGHAIYOUDIYI、DIERZHIFEN,XIABUWENDUJIAOGAODEDIFANGCHENGDIYIHAIYUANCENG,WENDUDA950-1100℃,QIHOUDUWEI300-400HAOMIZUOYOU;DIERCENGWEI700-950℃ZHIJIAN,QIHOUDUWEIDIYIHAIYUANCENG1.5BEI,YUEZAI450HAOMIZUOYOU。  (4)GANLIUCENG:  GANLIUCENGWEIYUHAIYUANCENGDESHANGBU,YOUHAIYUANCENGSHANGSHENGDEQITISUIZHERELIANGDEBEIXIAOHAO,QIWENDUZHUJIANXIAJIANG,GUGANLIUCENGWENDUYUEZAI150-700℃ZHIJIAN,MEIZAIZHEIGEWENDUXIA,LIJINGDIWENGANLIUDEGUOCHENG,MEIZHONGHUIFAFENFASHENGLIEJIE,CHANSHENGJIAWAN、XITINGJIJIAOYOUDENGWUZHI,TAMENSHOURECHENGWEIQITAI,JISHENGCHENGMEIQIBINGTONGGUOSHANGMIANGANZAOCENGERYICHU,CHENGWEIMEIQIDEZUCHENGBUFEN。GANLIUCENGDEGAODUSUIRANLIAOZHONGHUIFAFENHANLIANGJIMEIQILUCAOZUOQINGKUANGERBIANHUA,YIBAN>100HAOMI。  (5)GANZAOCENG:  GANZAOCENGWEIYUGANLIUCENGSHANGMIAN,YEJISHIRANLIAODEMIANCENG,SHANGSHENGDEREMEIQIYUGANGRULUDERANLIAOZAIZHEICENGXIANGYU,JINXINGREJIAOHUAN,RANLIAOZHONGDESHUIFENSHOUREZHENGFA。YIBANRENWEIGANZAOWENDUZAISHIWEN--150℃ZHIJIAN,ZHEIYICENGDEGAODUYESUIGEZHONGBUTONGDECAOZUOQINGKUANGERYI,MEIYOUXIANGDUIWENDINGZHICENGGAO。  (6)KONGCENG:  KONGCENGJIRANLIAOCENGSHANGBU,LUTINEIDEZIYOUQU,QIZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIHUIJIMEIQI。YEYOUDETONGZHIRENWEI:MEIQIZAIKONGCENGTINGLIUSHUNJIAN,ZAILUNEIWENDUJIAOGAOSHIHAIYOUYIXIEFUFANYINGFASHENG,RU:COFENJIE、FANGCHUYIXIETANHEI:  2CO→CO2+C   YIJI2H2O+CO→CO2+H2   CONGSHANGMIANLIUCENGJIANDANXUSHU,WOMENKEYIKANCHUMEIQIFASHENGLUNEIJINXINGDEQIHUAGUOCHENGSHIBIJIAOFUZADE,JIYOUQIHUAFANYING,YEYOUGANLIUHEGANZAOGUOCHENG。ERQIEZAISHIJISHENGCHANDEFASHENGLUZHONG,FENCENGYEBUSHIHENYANGEDE,XIANGLINLIANGCENGWANGWANGSHIXIANGHUJIAOCUODE,GECENGDEWENDUYESHIZHUBUGUODUDE,HENNANJUTIHUAFEN,GECENGZHONGQITICHENGFENDEBIANHUAJIUGENGJIAFUZALE,JISHIZAIZHUANMENDEYANJIUZHONG,KANFAYESHIFENQIDE。 MEIQILUDEJIEGOU: DUIYUGUDINGCHUANGMEIQILUYOUDUOZHONGJIEGOUXINGSHI,ANBUTONGBUWEIFENSHURUXIA: 1JIAMEIZHUANGZHI:JIANXIESHIJIAMEIZHAO;SHUANGLIAOZHONG;ZHENDONGJIMEIJI;BOCHIJIAMEIJI。 2LUTIJIEGOU:DAIYALIQUANSHUITAO;BANSHUITAO;WUSHUITAO(NAIHUOCAILIAOLUCHEN);CHANGYAQUANSHUITAO。 3LUBI:BAOTAXING;XINGGANGHANJIEXING。 4HUIPANCHUANDONGJIEGOU:BOCHIXING;WOLUNWOGANXING。BENGONGSISHENGCHANGEZHONGXINGSHIDEMEIQILU,KEGONGYONGHUXUANZE. 

 

 

煤的气化是一个在高温条件下借气化剂的化学作用将固体碳转化为可燃气体的热化学过程。
 

GENJUMEIQIFASHENGLUNEISUOJINXINGDEQIHUAGUOCHENGTEDIAN,KEJIANGMEICENGZISHANGERXIADIFENWEIGANZAODAI、GANLIUDAI、HAIYUANDAI、YANGHUADAIHEHUICENG。ZAIGANZAOHEGANLIUDAIZHONG,MEISHOUDAOGAOWENLUQIDEJIAREERFANGCHUSHUIFENHEHUIFAFEN,SHENGXIADEJIAOTANZAIHAIYUANDAIHEYANGHUADAIZHONGJINXINGQIHUAFANYING。

7080棋牌HMLXILIEMEIQIFASHENGLUSHIYONGZHENGQI—KONGQIDEHUNHEQIZUOWEIQIHUAJI,QIQIHUAQUDEJIBENFANYINGWEI:

7080棋牌(1)C+O2 = CO2+408861 KJ

(2)2C+O2 = 2CO2+246447 KJ

7080棋牌(3)2CO+O2 = 2CO2+571275 KJ

(4)CO2+C = 2CO-162414 KJ

(5)C+H2O = CO+H2-118828 KJ

(6)C+2H2O = CO2+2H2-75240 KJ

7080棋牌(7)CO+H2O = CO2+H2-43587 KJ

 

气化剂穿过灰层后在氧化带中与高温焦碳接触进行氧化还原反应放出大量的热量,在还原带中主要完成CO2及H2O的还原反应(CO2+C→2CO,H2O+C→H2+CO),得到CO和H2等可燃气体。
 
 

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